Total unemployment among women in metropolitan São Paulo ended 2013 with 11.7 %, the lowest rate since the early 2000s. This is shown by research into women’s presence in the labour market in 2013, taken by the State System of Data Analysis Foundation …

Total unemployment among women in metropolitan São Paulo ended 2013 with 11.7 %, the lowest rate since the early 2000s. This is shown by research into women’s presence in the labour market in 2013, taken by the State System of Data Analysis Foundation (Seade) and the Department of Statistics and Socio-economic Studies (Dieese).

According to the survey, in 2012, the overall unemployment rate among women was 12.5% , 0.8 % more than in 2013. Among men, the rate increased from 9.4% in 2012 to 9.2 % in 2013. The good result last year reinforces the continuing decline of unemployment since 2004, both among men and women.

The survey also shows that, among women, the decline in unemployment is mainly due to the stability of employment levels. The sector which employs the most women is the service sector (68.9 % of employed women), especially in the areas of health, education, social services and household services. The trade is then responsible for employing 17.2 % of women, followed by industry with 12.6 % and construction at 0.7 %.

Women still earn less!
Also highlighted was the increase in formal employment among women. Increase in the number of occupations better protected by labour legislation, in particular employees with a formal contract in the private sector, which recorded a 5.5% increase compared to 2012. “In 2013, for the first time, more than half of women (50.3 %) went on to have the work portfolio signed by the employer, although the proportion is still lower than men in the same situation (57 %),” says the study.

The remuneration of the women also had improvements in 2013, but still remains lower than that of men. The average real income per hour worked of women increased by 0.8 %, while that of men declined 1.3 %. In real terms, while the hourly rates of women in 2013 were on average R $ 8.73, the men’s rose to R $ 11.32.

“That performance changed the difference between the two segments: in 2012, the average values earned by women accounted for 75.5 % obtained by men and in 2013, this proportion rose to 77.1 %,” the research indicates.

This means, while the average monthly income of women amounted to R $ 1,457.00 in 2013, the men was R $ 2,083.00.

– Translated from Portuguese by Orlando Martins


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Walton Pantland

South African trade unionist living in Glasgow. Loves whisky, wine, running and the great outdoors. Walton did an MA in Industrial Relations at Ruskin, Oxford, and is interested in how trade unions use new technology to organise.

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