In a truly horrifying case of industrial manslaughter, hundreds of miners were killed after an explosion at a privately-owned coal mine in Soma, Manisa province in Western Turkey, early Wednesday morning. More than 200 miners are confirmed dead, with h …

turkish miner

In a truly horrifying case of industrial manslaughter, hundreds of miners were killed after an explosion at a privately-owned coal mine in Soma, Manisa province in Western Turkey, early Wednesday morning. More than 200 miners are confirmed dead, with hundreds more trapped inside. Rescue efforts continue to safeguard hundreds more miners trapped underground. Oxygen is being pumped into the mine, however hopes are diminishing.

Vedat Ünal, General Secretary of the miners’ union Maden-İş said : “Every worker has a gas mask. Those masks provide oxygen. But we don’t know how long they will last.

Privatisation and an increased use of subcontractors has heightened dangers in Turkish mines, as companies cut corners to drive up profits. So far, 360 miners have been rescued, with 80 hospitalised.

soma miners

The global union federation IndustriALL released a statement mourning the deaths of the mineworkers. According to the statement:

Belonging to a private company, the mine is organized by IndustriALL’s affiliate Maden-İş, Mineworkers’ Union of Turkey. Around 800 miners were in and around the mine when an electrical fault triggered a transformer to explode causing a large fire around noon time on Tuesday 13 May. The fire caused a power cut in the mine rendering mine cages unusable and the majority of workers trapped 2km underground and 4km from the exit. Rescue efforts have continued through the night while families of the over 200 unaccounted for miners wait at the mine’s entrance and in the local hospital.

Turkish police erect barricades outside the company HQ in Istanbul

Turkish police erect barricades outside the company HQ in Istanbul

Turkey’s record on mine safety is poor, and IndustriALL labels the deaths of mineworkers as carnage. Every death in a mine is avoidable and IndustriALL’s campaign for ratification of the ILO Convention 176 will continue in Turkey and elsewhere. Pressure is already building on Turkey’s government, criticized for ignoring safety warnings while workers pay with their lives.

Nurettin Akçul, General President and Vedat Ünal, General Secretary of Maden-İş report that the blast occurred at the time of a shift change, making it more difficult to know how many miners are still trapped underground. The Maden-İş leaders report that: “the mine is registered with necessary legal certification, all workers are covered by social security. The local union reps confirm that all workers are equipped with oxygen masks underground, but nobody knows how long the masks can keep them alive in this situation.”

The mine location at Soma

The mine location at Soma

The survival rate for coal miners following explosions or fires is extremely low, as compared to accidents in mines for hard rock or metal. The rescue must happen as quickly as possible following an explosion in a coal mine if those trapped are to be brought out alive. IndustriALL and everybody watching hopes that this case will be the exception to the rule. Carbon monoxide poisoning is the biggest threat to those still trapped underground.

IndustriALL Global Union wrote today to Maden-İş:

“This tragedy must rank as the worst mining tragedy in recent memory, and is made all the more tragic by the seemingly uncaring attitude of the government and mining companies. This attitude is unacceptable and must come to an end. It is intolerable that mine workers in Turkey are denied their basic human right to work in an environment that guarantees their safety, and that instead they are expected to go to work to die.

“The number of mineworkers involved in the fatal accident is mind-boggling and staggering. We call upon the private company operating the mine and the government of Turkey to ensure that as many miners as possible of the 400 still remaining in the mine pit be rescued.

“Turkey has possibly the worst safety record in terms of mining accidents and explosions in Europe and the third worst one in the world. As recently as 7 January 2013, eight mine workers lost their lives in another mine-related accident, which the President of your sister organization Genel Maden-Is correctly labelled as “killing” of mine workers.

“As a matter of urgency, IndustriALL Global Union calls upon the Turkish government to immediately ratify and implement ILO’s Convention 176 on Safety and Health in Mines to save the lives of mine workers. The “killing” must stop. IndustriALL Global Union will do everything in their power to ensure that the Turkish government act responsibly and ratify Convention 176. We once again call upon the political authorities to take the lives of mineworkers seriously and to place it above profit.”

“Turkish Government and employers have responsibility for this carnage,” said Kemal Özkan, IndustriALL Global Union’s assistant general secretary. “When governments fail to protect their citizens, it is not merely irresponsible; it is a breach of one of the most fundamental duties entrusted to any government. Turkey aspires to greatness, and it can achieve it: but not at the cost of workers’ lives.”

According to the official records, in 73 years more than 3000 miners have been killed in Turkey. We are watching in trepidation knowing that this accident has the potential to become the worst. Enough is enough, Turkey’s government must act now, my country’s miners cannot continue to pay with their lives for their inaction in dangerous mines.

CHRONOLOGY OF THE LAST 30 YEARS IN TURKEY’S MINES:

7 March 1983: 103 killings in Armutçuk with methane explosion

10 April 1983: 10 killings in Kozlu with methane explosion

31 January 1987: 8 killings in Kozlu with dent

31 January 1990: 5 killings in Amasra with methane explosion

7 February 1990: 68 killings in Yeni Çeltik with methane explosion

3 March 1992: 263 killings in Kozlu with methane explosion

26 March 1995: 37 killings in Sorgun with methane explosion

22 November 2003: 10 killings in Ermenek with methane explosion

8 September 2004: 19 killings in Küre with fire

2 June 2006: 17 killings in Dursunbey with methane explosion

10 December 2009: 19 killings in Mustafakemalpaşa with methane explosion

17 May 2010: 30 killings in Zonguldak with methane explosion

8 January 2013: 8 killings in Kozlu with methane explosion

13 May 2014: 157 (so far killings) in Soma with fire


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Walton Pantland

South African trade unionist living in Glasgow. Loves whisky, wine, running and the great outdoors. Walton did an MA in Industrial Relations at Ruskin, Oxford, and is interested in how trade unions use new technology to organise.

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